A Revisit of the Institutional Machineries for Prosecuting Individuals for International Crimes: Charting the way Forward

By: Dr Babalola Abegunde

Law has undoubtedly, exerted considerable influence on the shaping of the human destiny. Indeed, it is no exaggeration to aver that the evolution law has been a critical moment in human experience. Without it, it is practically impossible to contemplate human society or as Roberto Unger once put it, “law is the glue that holds society together”. Against the foregoing, several institutions have emerged from national, regional to global levels for the investigation of atrocities and prosecution of same.
This paper, a desk-based, doctrinal research, examined various institutions established for the prosecution of individuals who commit international crimes. It relied on both primary and secondary sources of data which were subjected to content and contextual analysis. It also examined the prosecution of international crimes before the Domestic court, as well as some inherent challenges and prospects of such practice.

This paper is significant because, it will not only fill some specific gaps in this particular area, rather, it will enrich existing literatures, generally, on public international law. It is the finding of this paper, that despite plethora of institutions fighting against impunity from national, regional and global axis, and the results recorded, a lot still needs to be done. More so, that the criminal individuals and organisations have not stopped devising new strategies against humanity. It concludes by proffering some recommendations.